Buffer solution pH 10.00 for complexometry
Boiling point (bp) 100 °C
excl. VAT. | 1 l per Pack Qty.
Art. No. T188.1
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Buffer solution pH 10.00 for complexometry ROTI®Calipure buffer solution, ready to use
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Determination of Water Hardness
Water contains a whole host of salts and other compounds in addition to the gases dissolved in it (oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide). Its most important constituents are magnesium and calcium in the form of their chlorides, sulphates and bicarbonates. These dissolved salts are known as hardeners. The bicarbonates precipitate in the heat (during boiling) as carbonates and are known as carbonate hardness or temporary hardness. The sulphate and chloride compounds are known as permanent hardness or non-carbonate hardness. Total hardness describes the concentration of alkaline earth metal ions in water.
The unit of measurement for water hardness used to be 1 °dH (German degrees of hardness), which corresponds to 10,00 mg CaO or 7,19 mg MgO in one litre of water. Today we use millimoles per litre (mmol/l), whereby 1 °dH corresponds to 0,18 mmol/l of earth metal ions and 1 mmol/l corresponds to 5,6 °dH.
Carl ROTH offers an extensive range of calibration and control standards. These products are manufactured from highly pure starting material and are specially tested for each application. The corresponding batch-specific certificate of analysis is available online. Each product series offers excellent value for money.
- Manufactured from high purity buffer substances
- No need for time-consuming drying and weighing of reagents
- The buffer solutions are adjusted to their respective pH values by comparison with standard buffer solutions (according to DIN 19266 and based on primary reference materials of the NIST)
- Quick and precise calibration of measuring equipment
- Stabilised against algae and bacterial action
- The batch specific Certificates of Analysis are available online