Technical Data Sheet
Bromocresol green, 25 g
Molar mass (M) 698,04 g/mol
Melting point (mp) 218 °C
CAS No. 76-60-8
Dissolve 0.1 g in 100 ml ethanol (20 %) or 0.04 g in 0.58 ml NaOH 0.1 mol/l and fill up with water to 100 ml
excl. VAT. | 25 g per Pack Qty.
Art. No. T115.4
Bromocresol green ACS
|Colour conversion||yellow - blue|
|Transition range pH||3,8 - 5,4|
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|Art. No.||Pack Qty.||Pack.||Price||Quantity|
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The most common technique for measuring the amount of nitrogen in organic matter is the Kjeldahl method, which is used in a wide range of sectors such as environmental analysis, food analysis, water analysis and agricultural analysis, as well as in the pharmaceutical and chemical industries. In this traditional method, a precisely weighed sample is broken down using concentrated sulphuric acid, a process which digests its organic contents and reacts nitrogen to form ammonium sulphate.(CHNO)(s) → CO2 (g) + SO2 (g) + H2O (g) + NH4SO4 (solv, H2SO4)A catalyst or catalyst mixture consisting of copper, selenium, mercury and/or titanium is added to speed up the reaction. Sodium or potassium sulphate is used to give the sulphuric acid a higher boiling point. If the nitrogen is contained in a nitro, nitroso or azo compound, however, the mixture must be reduced with zinc before digestion takes place.
The nitrogen is now present in the sulphuric acid as ammonium sulphate. Adding a strong base (such as NaOH) neutralises the sulphuric acid and liberates ammonia from the solution.NH4SO4 (solv) + 2 NaOH (aq) → Na2SO4 (aq) + 2 NH3 (g) + 2 H2O (l) The ammonia is led into an acid (such as boric acid) by means of steam distillation.B(OH)3 (aq) + 2 H2O (l) + NH3 (g) → B(OH)4- (aq) + NH4+ (aq) The resulting strong base (borate ion) is back-titrated with a strong acid (hydrochloric acid or sulphuric acid). The excess weak boric acid is not captured in the process. A Tashiro's indicator that changes colour in the acid is used for titration. The amount of acid that has been used up can then be converted into the amount of nitrogen in the sample. NH4+ (aq) + B(OH)4- (aq) + HCl (l) → NH4Cl (aq) + B(OH)3 (aq) + H2O (l)To calculate the protein content of the sample, the varying nitrogen content of the amino acids must be checked and the relevant conversion factors applied. The nitrogen contained in food derives mainly from proteins, but different samples may also contain other sources of nitrogen.
Although the principle of thin-layer chromatography is more than a century old, it did not make its breakthrough as an analytical method until about 50 years ago.
Thanks to the development of new sorbents and supports, as well as increasing instrumentation and automation, TLC has become a versatile separation method. It is used both in qualitative analysis and in quantitative analysis.
Applications range from simple manual separation processes in classic TLC to automated processes in HPTLC (high performance thin layer chromatography).
Advantages of thin layer chromatography:
- Higher sample throughput in less time
- Suitable for screening tests
- Pilot process for HPLC
- The ready-to-use TLC layer functions as a data storage device for separation results
- The separated substances can be used later for further analysis (e.g. IR, MS)
- By switching the mobile and the stationary phases, the separation process can be optimised quickly and cost-efficient
Indicators and Dyes
Carl ROTH offers many indicators and dyes of high purity, which can be used in special applications.
|Appearance||yellowish to pink-brown powder|
|Appearance of solution||complies|
|pH-transition range||3.8 (yellow)-5.4 (blue)|
|Loss on drying (110 °C)||≤3 %|