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Sulphuric acid , 2.5 l

ROTIPURAN® 98 %, for nitrogen determination
Icon_EVE-EUD Please consider that this product might be liable to some legal sanctions as for example to obtain an end user declaration or the prohibition of some applications. For details please do contact your counterpart in our sales department!
Examples of effect: Damage metals and burn body tissues; may cause serious eye damage. Safety: Avoid contact; wear safety spectacles and gloves. In the event of contact with eyes and skin, rinse with water.
Danger
H290-H314
i may be corrosive to metals, causes severe skin burns and eye damage
P280 P301+P330+P331 P303+P361+P353 P305+P351+P338 P310
i wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection, IF SWALLOWED: rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting, IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower], IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing, immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor
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Empirical formula H2SO4
Molar mass (M) 98,08 g/mol
Density (D) 1,84 g/cm³
Boiling point (bp) 315 °C
Melting point (mp) -15 °C
ADR 8 II
WGK 1
CAS No. [7664-93-9]
EG-Nr. 231-639-5
UN-Nr. 1830

For determination of nitrogen acc. to Kjehldahl.

€62.90/Pack Qty. 

excl. VAT. | 2.5 l per Pack Qty.

Art. No. X945.2

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Sulphuric acid
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X945.1 1 l glass €31.10
X945.2 2.5 l glass €62.90
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Downloads / MSDS


General information

Determination of Nitrogen according to Kjeldahl

The most common technique for measuring the amount of nitrogen in organic matter is the Kjeldahl method, which is used in a wide range of sectors such as environmental analysis, food analysis, water analysis and agricultural analysis, as well as in the pharmaceutical and chemical industries. In this traditional method, a precisely weighed sample is broken down using concentrated sulphuric acid, a process which digests its organic contents and reacts nitrogen to form ammonium sulphate.(CHNO)(s) → CO2 (g) + SO2 (g) + H2O (g) + NH4SO4 (solv, H2SO4)A catalyst or catalyst mixture consisting of copper, selenium, mercury and/or titanium is added to speed up the reaction. Sodium or potassium sulphate is used to give the sulphuric acid a higher boiling point. If the nitrogen is contained in a nitro, nitroso or azo compound, however, the mixture must be reduced with zinc before digestion takes place.
The nitrogen is now present in the sulphuric acid as ammonium sulphate. Adding a strong base (such as NaOH) neutralises the sulphuric acid and liberates ammonia from the solution.NH4SO4 (solv) + 2 NaOH (aq) → Na2SO4 (aq) + 2 NH3 (g) + 2 H2O (l) The ammonia is led into an acid (such as boric acid) by means of steam distillation.B(OH)3 (aq) + 2 H2O (l) + NH3 (g) → B(OH)4- (aq) + NH4+ (aq) The resulting strong base (borate ion) is back-titrated with a strong acid (hydrochloric acid or sulphuric acid). The excess weak boric acid is not captured in the process. A Tashiro's indicator that changes colour in the acid is used for titration. The amount of acid that has been used up can then be converted into the amount of nitrogen in the sample. NH4+ (aq) + B(OH)4- (aq) + HCl (l) → NH4Cl (aq) + B(OH)3 (aq) + H2O (l)To calculate the protein content of the sample, the varying nitrogen content of the amino acids must be checked and the relevant conversion factors applied. The nitrogen contained in food derives mainly from proteins, but different samples may also contain other sources of nitrogen.


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Guarantee analysis

Assay (titr.)97 - 99 %
Ash content≤0,0005 %
Total nitrogen (N)≤0,0005 %

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